幼女视频在线视频

Comment

Coronavirus has exposed British devolution as a dangerous mess

幼女视频在线视频 Time to end 20 years of haphazard drift and decisively hand power to the regions and four nations

Of Covid-19’s many legacies, among the least discussed but most important is the realisation that the British state is dysfunctional and our constitution a mess. The way we are governed is mired in confusion caused by a lack of clarity about where power really lies.

If you live in Scotland, whom do you hold responsible for the response to the pandemic? The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, or the First Minister of Scotland? If you live in London, who should decide how social distancing is applied on trains and buses? Ministers or the Mayor? In Newcastle you might wonder why London’s transport system was bailed out before your own. In the West Midlands, you might ask why Manchester controls health and social care spending but you do not. In Derbyshire, you might ask to whom your eccentric police force is accountable.

幼女视频在线视频Even in Whitehall, confusion reigns. When the PM made his last speech to the nation – to the whole of the UK, that is – he described his plan to take us out of the lockdown. But he has no powers over schools outside England, and no say in the health systems of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. As soon as his speech ended, the leaders of the devolved governments rejected his plan, and insisted their lockdowns would continue.

While many commentators south of the border marvel at Nicola Sturgeon’s knack for embarrassing the Cabinet, Scotland’s First Minister is using the politics of devolution to avoid scrutiny for her own decisions. Opposition parties point out that Scotland has hired not one Covid-19 contact tracer, it suffers a care homes death-rate worse than in England, and its ministers stand accused of covering up one of Scotland’s earliest outbreaks.

In England, a series of rows have erupted about council budgets, the reopening of schools, and the speed with which we come out of the lockdown. Labour councils complain that the Government’s Covid-19 grant funding formula has been revised to their detriment; Conservative politicians explain that poorer, northern councils still get more than those in the south. Liverpool’s mayor says he wants to keep his schools open. Manchester’s mayor, Andy Burnham, says because the virus reproduction rate is higher in the north, the lockdown needs to go on.

Quite apart from the rights and wrongs of different pandemic policies, we are witnessing, in high-definition picture with cinematic soundbar, the chaotic nature of the modern British state. At almost every level, accountability and responsibility – particularly budgetary responsibility – are misaligned. As a result we have public services led by officials accountable to nobody, local government that cannot govern, mayors with so few powers that their time is spent lobbying ministers, and devolved governments that blame policy failures on England.

And what about England? Last week, MPs on the education committee grilled the Department for Education’s chief scientific adviser about the decision to reopen schools in England. Chief among his tormentors was Carol Monaghan, the MP for Glasgow North West and the Scottish Nationalists’ education spokesman. Westminster has no say whatsoever about schools in Scotland, yet here was an MP from a Scottish constituency scrutinising education in England. It was another reminder of the neglect of the government of England.

And that neglect shows. More than a quarter of English adults have low basic skills. Regional productivity is poor, and there is severe income inequality between and within regions. In London, average wages are higher than anywhere else, and more than forty per cent higher than in the North East. This is compounded by lopsided public investment. London gets more government spending per head than anywhere else, including a third of English transport spending.

Yet who governs England? MPs from Scottish and Welsh constituencies can vote on matters affecting England – like the health system – while English MPs have no say on the same matters in Scotland and Wales. It takes more votes to elect MPs in England than in Scotland and Wales, where constituencies are smaller. And the Barnett Formula, the means by which we determine public spending across the UK, is skewed against England.In Scotland, spending per person on services is twenty per cent higher.

The contrast between Germany’s experience of the pandemic and ours is striking. In Germany, there is clarity about the division of responsibilities between federal and state governments. Its health system is decentralised. In each of its Länder there is a strong social partnership between government, business and society. In the UK, our unaccountable and over-centralised health system has struggled to process diagnostics tests and procure protective equipment. Instead of working together, political leaders from the devolved governments and regions have played the blame game.

If we want to learn from the pandemic we need to decentralise the state. But we need to do so not in the haphazard fashion of the last two decades or so. We need a new and carefully structured constitutional settlement.

幼女视频在线视频We must move to a fully federal model, with an English government and parliament, and more powers for the four nations. Within England we need to decentralise more, giving more responsibilities to the metro-mayors and local councils. We need a greater share of taxes raised at a local level. And we need public services to be run in line with local needs and by leaders closer to the frontline.

Such changes would be nothing short of a revolution. Politicians would be giving power away, and recasting, perhaps, their personal ambitions. Whitehall, and the Treasury in particular, would be surrendering control. And we would all need to learn to live with a diversity of policies and outcomes: postcode lotteries and the occasional bold experiment that fails. But that same diversity would bring strength: greater resilience, and in place of suspicion and fear, a system capable – in emergencies like this - of pulling in the same direction.

正在播放母息子友人犯_正在播放中文字幕母息子_友人の母系列在线播放 一受两攻有双龙入菊_耽美肉嗨从头做到尾_两个攻同时进入双性受 4438最新全国免费视频网-幼女视频在线视频 日本xnxnxnxnxn拍拍-幼女视频在线视频 中文字幕在线在线亚洲_中文字幕在线视频 电影 一道本无吗dⅤd在线播放一区-宅男免费毛片手机在线 222eee野鸡网视频2区-幼女视频在线视频 依人在线 依人在线手机在线观看依人在线在线视频|依人在线最新网址 伊人久久精品视频在线,伊人久久精品视频在线免费观看,伊人久久精品视频在线 1024手机在线基地播放-幼女视频在线视频 猫咪在线播放maomi99伊人-幼女视频在线视频 1024最新手机在线观看-幼女视频在线视频 55we韩国女主播免费视频-幼女视频在线视频 用茄子捅自己下面视频_茄子视频在线观看 00后艺校萝莉14部资源-幼女视频在线视频 在线a 在线a发布网|在线a在线电影|在线a.com|日韩在线a 一本之道高清在线观看在线视频_一本之道高清在线观看手机观看_日韩一本之道高清在线观看影院 一本之道高清在线观看-一本之道高清在线观看一区-日本一本au道大尺码专区 2017夜夜橾天天橾在线视频-幼女视频在线视频 人碰xoo在线视频永久免费-幼女视频在线视频 wwのpornhubのcom-幼女视频在线视频 樱桃网站视频官网/私人樱桃影院/樱桃视频入口网址 在线a 免费 在线a 免费在线视频_在线a 免费手机在线观看_在线a 免费电影 yy8488高清电影万利达-幼女视频在线视频 1769zyz资源在线视频-幼女视频在线视频 中文字幕在线视频网站,中文字幕在线视频网站免费观看,中文字幕在线视频网站 xvldeos免费中文视频-幼女视频在线视频 韩国女主播仙女屋2019全集-幼女视频在线视频 在线a视频网站 在线a视频网站在线视频_在线a视频网站手机在线观看_在线a视频网站电影 2000影院m3u8免费高清-幼女视频在线视频